Revisiting an old classic:
Saul McLeodpublishedupdated Conformity is a type of social influence involving a change in belief or behavior in order to fit in with a group.
Group pressure may take different forms, for example bullying, persuasion, teasing, criticism, etc. Conformity is also known as majority influence or group pressure. Jenness was the first psychologist to study conformity.
His experiment was an ambiguous situation involving a glass bottle filled with beans. He asked participants individually to estimate how many beans the bottle contained. Jenness then put the group in a room with the bottle, and asked them to provide a group estimate through discussion.
Participants were then asked to estimate the number on their own again to find whether their initial estimates had altered based on the influence of the majority.
Almost all changed their individual guesses to be closer to the group estimate. However, perhaps the most famous conformity experiment was by Solomon Asch and his line judgment experiment. Types of Conformity Kelman distinguished between three different types of conformity: He adopts the induced behavior because In other words, conforming to the majority publiclyin spite of not really agreeing with them privately.
Compliance stops when there are no group pressures to conform, and is therefore a temporary behavior change. Internalisation always involves public and private conformity.
A person publicly changes their behavior to fit in with the group, while also agreeing with them privately. This means the change in behavior is permanent.
This is most likely to occur when the majority have greater knowledge, and members of the minority have little knowledge to challenge the majority position.
Individuals conform to the expectations of a social role, e.
It is similar to compliance as there does not have to be a change in private opinion. Man identified an additional type of conformity: It is similar to normative influence, but is motivated by the need for social rewards rather than the threat of rejection, i.
Explanations of Conformity Deutsch and Gerrard identified two reasons why people conform: Normative Conformity Yielding to group pressure because a person wants to fit in with the group. Conforming because the person is scared of being rejected by the group. This type of conformity usually involves compliance — where a person publicly accepts the views of a group but privately rejects them.
Informational Conformity This usually occurs when a person lacks knowledge and looks to the group for guidance. Or when a person is in an ambiguous i. This type of conformity usually involves internalization — where a person accepts the views of the groups and adopts them as an individual.
Sherif Autokinetic Effect Experiment Aim: Sherif conducted an experiment with the aim of demonstrating that people conform to group norms when they are put in an ambiguous i. Sherif used a lab experiment to study conformity. He used the autokinetic effect — this is where a small spot of light projected onto a screen in a dark room will appear to move, even though it is still i.
It was discovered that when participants were individually tested their estimates on how far the light moved varied considerably e.
The participants were then tested in groups of three.Latent Class Analysis of Peer Conformity White, and have low self-esteem. Findings are discussed with regard to classic definitions of conformity and its role as a developmental phenomenon.
Keywords latent class analysis, peer conformity, A case study in criminology. Journal of the American Statistical Association, in Asch’s () line-judgment conformity experiments, whose perceptions pit-ted the likelihood of an incorrect consensus against the likelihood of an incorrect eyeglass prescription.
In these classic illustrations, the targets of inﬂuence were (Burger , Burger et al. ).
In the case of an unreasonably large initial request, the. A Jury of One: Opinion Formation, Conformity, and Dissent on Juries Nicole L. Waters National Center for State Courts, the jury’s ﬁnal verdict.8 Kalven and Zeisel’s classic book, The American Jury, Opinion Formation, Conformity, and Dissent on Juries - Fashion Conformity in Episode of Jenny Jones Last night as you sat warped in front of 'Jenny Jones' a classic case of conformity played right before your eyes and chances are you didn't even realize it.
the negative consequences starts from the analysis of what is the basis of conformity and obedience in the power of the situation. Research Classic research.
In , Solomon Asch conducted his classic conformity experiments in an attempt to discover if people still conform when the right answer is obvious. Specifically, he asked participants in his experiment to judge the similarity of lines, an easy task by objective standards.
Case Study; Interviews; Questionnaire; Likert Scales; () conformity experiment was that there was no correct answer to the ambiguous autokinetic experiment. How could we be sure that a person conformed when there was no correct answer?
devised what is now regarded as a classic experiment in social psychology, whereby there Author: Saul Mcleod.